In 2013, Edward Snowden captured global headlines when he leaked information on the mass-surveillance programs of the NSA, inciting fervent debates over privacy and government intelligence. He has received many honors for his actions, including The Guardian's Person of the Year and a spot on TIME's 100 Most Influential People in the World. Snowden—who lives in an undisclosed location in Russia, where he has been granted temporary asylum—will appear via a live video broadcast on February 17th at 8PM.
First, a timeline of the NSA leaks and exactly what they entailed. Then, both sides of the debate: interviews, op-ed’s, and reports that covers all the important information you need to know.
Timeline of NSA Leaks
- June 5, 2013: The Guardian breaks coverage on leaked NSA documents that reveal the collection of telephone records from Verizon, one of the U.S.'s largest telecoms providers.
- "Communication records of millions of US citizens are being collected indiscriminately and in bulk – regardless of whether they are suspected of any wrongdoing."
- June 6, 2013: NSA's PRISM program is revealed
- PRISM is an undisclosed program that allows officials to collect material including search history, the content of emails, file transfers and live chats
- Allows direct access to the systems of Google, Facebook, Apple and other US internet giants
- June 24, 2013: Edward Snowden moves from Hong Kong to Moscow, seeking asylum
- July 31, 2013: XKeyscore revealed
- Allows analysts to search with no prior authorization through vast databases containing emails, online chats and the browsing histories of millions of individuals
- "Widest-reaching" system for developing intelligence from the internet
- August 1, 2013: Russia grants Edward Snowden temporary asylum, against U.S. demands
- October 30, 2013: Joint program with British agency – MUSCULAR
- "Copying entire data flows across fiber-optic cables that carry information among the data centers of the Silicon Valley giants"
- May 7, 2015: Mass phone surveillance ruled illegal by U.S. Court of Appeals
- US court of appeals ruled that the bulk collection of telephone metadata is unlawful, in a landmark decision that clears the way for a full legal challenge against the National Security Agency
- June 3, 2015: Congress passes USA Freedom Act, reforms NSA surveillance practices
- The House of Representatives and U.S. Senate passed a bill to end the bulk collection of millions of Americans’ phone records, ushering in the country’s most significant surveillance reform since 1978 two years after NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden’s revelations to the Guardian
NYT Op-Ed: Edward Snowden, "The World Says No to Surveillance"